Cedefop publishes “Briefing notes” on study findings and other research activities at regular intervals. These briefing notes can be downloaded in English and most of them also in German. Many are available in other languages as well. A compilation of all briefing notes (in all available languages) can be found here.



  • 2021-04: Trends, transitions and transformation: EN
  • 2021-03: Apprenticeship: a pill for every ill?: EN
  • 2021-02: The EU’s port of call for VET: EN




  • 2020-12: Empowering people to cope with change: EN
  • 2020-11: Adult learning and continuing vocational education and training valued by Europeans: EN
  • 2020-09: NQF developments 2019: EN
  • 2020-07: Online working and learning in the coronavirus era: EN
  • 2020-06: Apprenticeships for adults: EN
  • 2020-03: On the move but not there yet. European policies on international mobility of students in initial vocational education and training are working but more is needed: EN
  • 2020-02: Towards new horizons: Shifting realities for vocational education and training. Cedefop activities 2019-2020: EN



  • 2019-11: Not just new jobs: digital innovation supports careers: EN
  • 2019-05: Artificial or human intelligence?: EN
  • 2019-04: Qualification frameworks in Europe - 2018 developments: EN
  • 2019-04: The skills employers want!: EN
  • 2019-03: Preventing low skills through lifelong learning: EN
  • 2019-01: Setting sail for the future: EN



  • 2018-11: What future for vocational education and training in Europe?: EN
  • 2018-09: Cedefop’s European skills index: new tool for informed policy-making: EN
  • 2018-06: Less brawn, more brain for tomorrow's workers: EN
  • 2018-04: Reaching out to ‘invisible’ young people and adults frameworks in Europe: EN
  • 2018-02: Qualifications frameworks in Europe. 2017 developments: EN
  • 2018-01: Improving vocational education and training through data, analyses and exchanges: EN



  • 2017-10: Skills anticipation: looking to the future: EN
  • 2017-09: Looking back to look ahead: EN
  • 2017-07: People, machines, robots and skills: EN
  • 2017-05: Vocational education and training: bridging refugee and employer needs: EN
  • 2017-01: Shaping, valuing and informing vocational education and training policy: EN



  • 2016-12: Qualifications frameworks in Europe - developments 2016: EN
  • 2016-10: Skill shortage and surplus occupations in Europe: EN
  • 2016-10: Supporting training and learning abroad: the EU mobility scoreboard for initial VET: EN
  • 2016-06: Professional development for VET teachers and trainers: EN
  • 2016-04: Mainstreaming VET policies addressing early leaving from education and training: EN
  • 2016-02: Towards new routes: EN
  • 2016-01: Qualifications frameworks in Europe: EN



  • 2015-12: Global labour market, global VET: EN
  • 2015-12: Innovation and training: partners in change: EN
  • 2015-11: Making apprenticeships work for small and medium enterprises: EN
  • 2015-09: VET prevents and counteracts early leaving from the education system: EN
  • 2015-08: Encouraging adult learning: EN
  • 2015-06: Europe’s uneven return to job growth: EN
  • 2015-03: Stronger vocational education and training for better lives: EN
  • 2015-02: Old roots for new routes: EN
  • 2015-01: Career guidance in unstable times: EN